If we look up the word equivalent in the dictionary, we would find something along the lines of, 'equal in value, force or measure'.So, as this word suggests, an equivalent fraction is a fraction that has the same value as another fraction, only the numbers are different.
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ACTIVITY: Finding equivalent fractions
Find 5 equivalent fractions for 1⁄2. Does this picture help you? (Write your answer in the comments)
How do we do this mathematically?
By multiplying the top and bottom part of the fractions by the same number: 2, 3...